The PALMSIM model simulates potential oil palm growth (differentiated to roots, trunk, fronds, and bunch) for 30 years on a monthly time step as determined by solar radiation. PALMSIM was evaluated against measured yields under optimum water and nutrient management across Indonesia and Malaysia to test its usefulness as a land-use planning tool.
Keywords: PALMSIM, oil palm intensification, yield benchmarking.
Simulates the growth and yield of an individual oil palm stand on a per hectare basis.
a) Hoffmann, M.P., Castaneda Vera, A., van Wijk, M., Giller, K.E., Oberthür, T., Donough, C., Whitbread, A.M., 2014. Simulating potential growth and yield of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) with PALMSIM: Model description, evaluation and application. Agric. Syst. 131, 1–10. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2014.07.006
b) Hoffmann, M.P., Donough, C., Oberthür, T., Castaneda Vera, A., van Wijk, M., Lim, C.H., Asmono, D., Samosir, Y., Lubis, A.P., Moses, D.S., Whitbread, A.M., 2015. Benchmarking yield for sustainable intensification of oil palm production in Indonesia using PALMSIM. Plant. 91, 81–96.
Two papers with applications of the model, which might be useful for your projects:
a) Hoffmann, M.P., Donough, C., Cook, S.E., Fisher, M.J., Lim, C.H., Lim, Y.L., Cock, J., Kam, S.P., Mohanaraj, S.N., Indrasuara, K., Tittinutchanon, P., Oberthür, T., 2017. Yield gap analysis in oil palm: Framework development and application in commercial operations in Southeast Asia. Agric. Syst. 151, 12–19. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2016.11.005
b) Euler, M., Hoffmann, M.P., Fathoni, Z., Schwarze, S., 2016. Exploring yield gaps in smallholder oil palm production systems in eastern Sumatra, Indonesia. Agric. Syst. 146, 111–119. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2016.04.007